Food Web Poster

Lesson #7995

Illustrate the energy relationships between plants and animals in an ecosystem with a colorful poster.

Grade Level:
3-5, 6-8

As students discuss energy needs of living things, they realize that all organisms in an environment interact with each other either directly or indirectly through a network of food chains known as a food web. Students review the roles of producers, consumers and decomposers and the order of energy flow within an ecosystem. Further exploration of various order consumers and classification as herbivore, carnivore or omnivore demonstrates the diversity of living things. Such knowledge prepares students for analysis of ecosystems and determination of existing food webs in a given area.

Students select images of living things and organize them on a food web poster to effectively demonstrate an understanding of the flow of energy from one organism to another in a given ecosystem or environment.

12090-LG-Ellison SureCut Die - Arrow - Large 12264-LG-Ellison SureCut Die - Bird #3 - Large 13526-LG-Ellison SureCut Die - Grasshopper - Large 13989-LG-Ellison SureCut Die - Mouse - Large 14082-LG-Ellison SureCut Die - Owl #2 - Large 15145-LG-Ellison SureCut Die - Tree - Large 28429-EW-Ellison SureCut Die - Spiderweb #3 - Extra Wide

Note: The Spiderweb #3 has been retired. This project can be created without the Spiderweb to demonstrate the food web concept. If desired, the teacher may hand-cut a 10" Spiderweb.

Supplies Used: Cardstock, Chalk, Double-Sided Tape, Glue, Marking Pen

The teacher will die-cut the materials for student use prior to the lesson.

  1. Use 12" x 18" sheet of cardstock or construction paper for the poster.
  2. Die-cut Spiderweb #3 EW using gray paper. Highlight the perforated lines on the Spiderweb using gray marking pens or chalk. Alternatively, hand-cut a 10" spiderweb. Adhere to the poster.
  3. Computer print or hand print the title and adhere to the poster (Figure A).
  4. Die-cut Tree LG using brown and green paper. Add highlights to the Tree using green chalk or marking pens. Adhere to the center of the Spiderweb.
  5. Die-cut Mouse LG, Owl #2 LG, Bird #3 LG and Grasshopper LG using various colors of paper. Keep one of each shape whole. Cut highlights from other colors and adhere the highlights to each of the whole shapes. Colored pens or chalk may be used for highlights (Figure B).
  6. Adhere the decorated shapes to the Spiderweb (Figure C).
  7. Die-cut Arrows LG using black paper. Adhere the Arrows showing the energy relationships for a food web (see Main Photo).

  • Figure A

  • Figure B

  • Figure C

Science: Life Science

  • As a result of activities in Grades 5-8, all students should develop an understanding of behavior, populations in ecosystems and adaptations of organisms.

Source: National Science Education Standards

Fine Arts: Visual Arts

5-8 Standard 3: Choosing and Evaluating a Range of Subject Matter, Symbols and Ideas

  • Students use subjects, themes and symbols that demonstrate knowledge of contexts, values and aesthetics that communicate intended meaning in artworks

Source: National Standards for Arts Education

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